ContentsQUICK ANSWER – THE BEST LENSES FOR WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHYCOMPARISON TABLE – THE THE BEST LENSES FOR WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHYWILDLIFE LENSES REVIEWSCANON EF 800mm ƒ/5.6L IS USMNIKON AF-S NIKKOR 600mm ƒ/4E FL ED VRPENTAX HD DA 560mm ƒ/5.6 ED AWNIKON AF-S FX NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VRNIKON AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-300mm ƒ/3.5-6.3G ED VRCANON EF 200-400mm ƒ/4L IS USM Extender 1.4xNIKON AF-S NIKKOR 80-400mm ƒ/4.5-5.6G ED VROLYMPUS 300mm ƒ/4 IS PROSIGMA 120-300mm ƒ/2.8 DG OS HSMCANON MP-E 65mm ƒ/2.8 1-5xHOW TO CHOOSE THE BEST LENSES FOR WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHYBEST USEFOCAL LENGTHAPERTUREMAX APERTUREVARIABLE MAX APERTUREAF SPEED & USMIMAGE STABILIZATION & VIBRATION REDUCTIONWEATHER RESISTANCE Wildlife photography is no walk in the park—it is a constant balancing act between timing, patience, and preparation. Many external influences come into play when capturing wildlife with a camera, from weather conditions to natural lighting and proximity, so being prepared with the best lens for wildlife photography is one of the most crucial elements of the craft. Our aim here at The Adventure Junkies is to educate our readers on the features of a lens that make it successful in the field and ideal for various types of wildlife photography. When equipped with the correct glass, there is very little you cannot capture. Whether it’s a nuzzle between lioness and cub or powerful downstroke of an eagle’s wing, successfully capturing that moment is dependent on the lens you have in your hand and knowing how to use it. For more of our top outdoor photography gear recommendations, check out these popular articles: Landscape Camera | Landscape Lenses | Landscape Tripods Travel Camera | Travel Lenses | Travel Tripods Wildlife Camera | Wildlife Lenses | Wildlife Tripods QUICK ANSWER – THE BEST LENSES FOR WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY 1. CANON EF 800MM IS USM VIEW AT AMAZON 2. NIKON AF-S NIKKOR 600MM VIEW AT AMAZON 3. PENTAX HD DA 560MM VIEW AT AMAZON 4. NIKON AF-S FX NIKKOR 200-500MM VIEW AT AMAZON 5. NIKON AF-S NIKKOR 18-300MM VIEW AT AMAZON 6. CANON EF 200-400MM VIEW AT AMAZON 7. NIKON AF-S NIKKOR 80-400MM VIEW AT AMAZON 8. OLYMPUS 300MM IS PRO VIEW AT AMAZON 9. SIGMA 120-300MM VIEW AT AMAZON 10. CANON MP-E 65MM VIEW AT AMAZON COMPARISON TABLE – THE THE BEST LENSES FOR WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY PICTURELENSBEST USEFOCAL LENGTHAPERTUREPRICERATING PICTURELENSBEST USEFOCAL LENGTHAPERTUREPRICERATING CANON EF 800mm ƒ/5.6L IS USMLong Range800mm5.6$$$4.8 NIKON AF-S NIKKOR 600mm ƒ/4E FL ED VRLong Range600mm4.0$$5 PENTAX HD DA 560mm ƒ/5.6 ED AWLong Range560mm5.6$$5 NIKON AF-S NIKKOR 200-500mm ƒ/5.6E ED VRZoom and Long Range200-500mm5.6$4.8 NIKON AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-300mm ƒ/3.5-6.3G ED VRSpeed and Zoom18-300mm3.5$4.6 CANON EF 200-400mm ƒ/4L IS USM Extender 1.4xZoom and Long Range200-400mm4.0$$$4.6 NIKON AF-S NIKKOR 80-400mm ƒ/4.5-5.6G ED VRZoom80-400mm4.5$$4.6 OLYMPUS 300mm ƒ/4 IS PROSpeed300mm4.0$$5 SIGMA 120-300mm ƒ/2.8 DG OS HSMZoom120-300mm2.8$$4.4 CANON MP-E 65mm f/2.8 (with twin flash)Macro65mm2.8$4.2 WILDLIFE LENSES REVIEWS CANON EF 800mm ƒ/5.6L IS USM Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Extreme focal length lens FOCAL LENGTH: 800mm APERTURE: ƒ/5.6 STABILIZATION: Up to 4 stops of correction with tripod detection PROS: Weather-resistant gaskets with a magnesium-alloy barrel construction CONS: Vignetting at f/5.6 NIKON AF-S NIKKOR 600mm ƒ/4E FL ED VR Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Extreme focal length lens FOCAL LENGTH: 600mm APERTURE: ƒ/4 STABILIZATION: VR image stabilization counteracts camera shake and vibration up to 4.5 stops PROS: Weather-sealed lens, flare resistant, and low distortion CONS: Very bulky and heavy for handheld use PENTAX HD DA 560mm ƒ/5.6 ED AW Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Long Range FOCAL LENGTH: 560mm (859mm in 35mm format) APERTURE: ƒ/5.6 STABILIZATION: No PROS: Part of the All Weather series and a drop in filter holder CONS: No autofocus on older bodies (D series) NIKON AF-S FX NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Speed and Long Range FOCAL LENGTH: 200-500mm APERTURE: ƒ/5.6E STABILIZATION: Vibration Reduction up to 4.5 stops PROS: Long telephoto reach with quality image stabilization CONS: Not weather proof and poor image quality at 200mm NIKON AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-300mm ƒ/3.5-6.3G ED VR Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Zoom and Speed FOCAL LENGTH: 18-300mm APERTURE: ƒ/3.5 STABILIZATION: Built in VR II (vibration reduction) PROS: Resistent to flare and distortion CONS: Not weather proof, chromatic aberrations and fringing at 300mm CANON EF 200-400mm ƒ/4L IS USM Extender 1.4x Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Zoom and Long Range FOCAL LENGTH: 200-400mm APERTURE: ƒ/4L STABILIZATION: Optical Image Stabilization offers up to 4 stops of correction PROS: Resistant to dust and water and three image stabilization modes for standard, panning, and exposure shots CONS: Not very fast so it would benefit from use of a tripod NIKON AF-S NIKKOR 80-400mm ƒ/4.5-5.6G ED VR Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Zoom and Long Range FOCAL LENGTH: 200-400mm APERTURE: ƒ/4.5 STABILIZATION: Vibration Reduction up to 4 stops PROS: AF is very fast considering the zoom range CONS: Not weather proof, lens collar is sub par and should be replaced OLYMPUS 300mm ƒ/4 IS PRO Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Speed FOCAL LENGTH: 300mm APERTURE: ƒ/4 STABILIZATION: Synchronized in-lens and in-body Image Stabilization PROS: Notorious for sharp, colorful images CONS: No weather sealing or back lens element to protect from dust SIGMA 120-300mm ƒ/2.8 DG OS HSM Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Speed and Zoom FOCAL LENGTH: 120-300mm APERTURE: ƒ/2.8 STABILIZATION: Optical Stabilization PROS: Remarkable image quality throughout range CONS: Not weather proof, loud OS motor and considerably heavy CANON MP-E 65mm ƒ/2.8 1-5x Check out the latest price on: Amazon BEST FOR: Macro FOCAL LENGTH: 65mm APERTURE: ƒ/2.5 STABILIZATION: None PROS: Water resistant coating and razor-sharp images at 5x magnification CONS: No focus confirmation HOW TO CHOOSE THE BEST LENSES FOR WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHY BEST USE Are you planning on snapping intense macro shots of colorful tree frogs in the Amazon Rainforest, or are you looking to close the gap between you and that bull elk bugling one ridge over? From speed and fast focusing, to long focal lengths that easily fill the shot with your subject, the type of wildlife you plan to capture will help dictate which features you need. The type of wildlife you shoot will also dictate common photography scenarios you’ll find yourself in, making it easier to determine your need for either prime or zoom lenses. Some good questions to ask yourself to identify your shooting needs are: What focal length do you anticipate needing? What weight can you easily maintain in various handheld situations? Will you have a great distance to travel on foot to reach your subject? Are you shooting from a moving vehicle or unstable platform? Is the wildlife you’re shooting flighty or are they comfortable with approaching people? These questions will help you narrow down the most important features for your specific style of wildlife photography. FOCAL LENGTH A lens with a long focal length is one of the most popular, and vital, lenses for wildlife photographers. The longer focal length can help you capture distant subjects (over 100 yards) without losing them in the background. Such lenses can range from 300mm to 800mm and are often compatible with extenders to help boost your reach–and reach is essential for most wildlife photography. However, super long telephoto lenses can lead to depth of field issues among other challenges. PhotographyLife offers solutions to such scenarios when working with extremely long focal lengths. If you’re considering using a teleconverter, or tele-extender, to increase your focal length, then there are a few important points you should keep in mind. A teleconverter can increase your lens’ focal length by 1.4x or 2x, but as a result they decrease the amount of light reaching your sensor. You can adjust for this limitation with longer shutter speeds and by cranking up your ISO. Unfortunately, the use of a teleconverter will also impact your AF performance and slow your lens down. According to Outdoor Photography, many lenses will completely loose their autofocusing capability when combined with a teleconverter that slows you to around ƒ/5.6. They take it a step further by pointing out that many lenses combined with converters will cause the image quality to suffer due to the addition of elements to the original optical system. APERTURE MAX APERTURE Having a large aperture adds incredible versatility to any lens and is often the deciding factor when picking a lens with longer focal lengths. Most creatures come to life during what is called the golden hour, either the hour following sunrise or the hour right before sunset. The warm light is soft and ideal for wildlife photography conditions. However, shooting during this hour also means you’ll often be shooting in low light conditions and a max aperture a perfect way to combat such a challenge if your subject is within a shallow depth of field. VARIABLE MAX APERTURE If you are using an extreme telephoto lens for your wildlife photography then you’re going to notice two things right away, weight and cost. The more reach you want from your lens, the more it’s going to weigh and the more it’s going to cost. Luckily, a lens with a variable max aperture will allow it to change with the focal length making the lens more compact, lightweight, and cost efficient. AF SPEED & USM Accurate and fast AF is a desirable feature for most scenarios but it’s a requirement when shooting fast moving objects like spawning salmon or a sprinting cheetah. A faster lens will allow you to use a faster shutter speed in a wide range of lighting scenarios, however the faster the speed of the lens the heavier your setup is going to be. When shooting in the field it’s vital to consider how often you will be moving or hiking, the gear you plan to bring, the amount of shots you can take before resting your arms, or if using a tripod will even been possible at all. When shooting wildlife, many photographers appreciate a quieter lens when shooting wildlife so the focus of the lens doesn’t alert or scare off their subject. Silent Wave motors make for extremely quiet and fast lenses that offer the ability to manually override AF without having to switch focus modes so you never miss that action shot because your lens won’t focus properly. IMAGE STABILIZATION & VIBRATION REDUCTION The bigger your lens, the heavier it is to handle making it hard to stabilize quickly without the use of a tripod. Enhanced image stabilization, or vibration reduction, is a vital consideration for any handheld wildlife lens. Image stabilization and vibration reduction will allow you to shoot an impressive four stops slower of a shutter speed than a lens without this feature. Many different shooting conditions will benefit from image stabilization and vibration reduction, you can be in a moving vehicle or rocking boat or have a subject that is slow moving or at a standstill, either scenario will benefit from image stabilization or vibration reduction and produce a sharper, high-quality image. WEATHER RESISTANCE Mud, rain, dust, hail… all of it is out of your control when you’re in the field, and none of it is good for your camera equipment. If you’re not a fair-weather photographer, then make durability and weather-sealing a top priority when choosing your wildlife lens. In fact, many professionals, like those over at FStoppers, advise looking into gear insurance for your camera and equipment to avoid any major loss in investment. You should also consider purchasing a LensCoat, a protective neoprene covering for your lens reducing inevitable bumps and dings while also adding a layer of protection from the elements. OUTDOOR PHOTOGRAPHY RESOURCESTABLE OF CONTENTSOUTDOOR PHOTOGRAPHYTABLE OF CONTENTS 1. FUNDAMENTALS 2. TRAVEL PHOTO 3. LANDSCAPE PHOTO 4. WILDLIFE PHOTO 1. FUNDAMENTALS 2. TRAVEL PHOTO 3. LANDSCAPE PHOTO 4. WILDLIFE PHOTO Disclosure: The Adventure Junkies is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, we will receive an affiliate commission at no extra cost for you. We also use other affiliate programs like REI, LeisurePro, Diviac and Liveaboard.com.